Featured AttractionsSouth Florida | North Florida | Central Florida | St. Augustine St. Augustine
1 Castillo Drive, St. Augustine, FL, 32084
Castillo de San Marcos is the oldest existing permanent seacoast fortification in the continental United States. The present star-shaped fort, surrounding moat, and earthworks were constructed between 1672 - 1756 to protect Spanish territory in Florida and the shipping routes along the Florida coast. Castillo de San Marcos replaced an earlier series of earth and wood fortifications and was the northernmost outpost of the Spanish Caribbean. It was the focus of the struggle between Great Britain and Spain for regional supremacy during the 17th and 18th centuries and was the site of a British garrison during the American Revolution. The fort was last employed for defensive purposes in 1898 during the Spanish-American War. St. Augustine Historic District - Orange Street, San Marcos Street, the Matanzas River, St. Francis Street and Cordova Street. For more information contact the St. Augustine and St. Johns County Visitor Information Center, located at 10 Castillo Drive....the site of the oldest continuously occupied European and African American settlements in the United States. Part of Ponce de León's 1513 claim to La Florida, St. Augustine was the site of Spanish military base established in 1565 by Don Pedro Menéndez de Avilés. The town of St. Augustine soon grew around the fort and became the seat of Spanish power in Florida. During the 16th, 17th and 18th centuries, free blacks and slaves found Florida a haven--the Spanish Crown granted refuge to blacks if they embraced Catholicism. Today the district retains the distinctive plan typical of a 16th century Spanish Colonial walled town. The colonial buildings in the district date from 1703 to 1821 period. Among the most noted buildings in the district are the Plaza de la Constitución, the colonial community's focal point (King Street), the Oldest House, a traditional Spanish Colonial residence built circa 1706 and the oldest surviving residence in St. Augustine (14 St. Francis Street), the Basilica Cathedral of St. Augustine, which incorporates the 1797 parish church and is one of the oldest Catholic religious buildings in the U.S. (36 Cathedral Place), the 1883 Villa Zorayda, an exotic Moorish Revival residence with courtyards and towers (King Street), and the Gothic Revival style Stanbury Cottage (St. George Street). The Hotel Ponce de León (Flagler College) - In downtown St. Augustine on the block bounded by King, Valencia, Sevilla, and Cordova Streets.
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